The larvae are usually green in colour and moults four times before they complete their larval duration. Chawki rearing of tasar silkworm under nylon net 4. The brushing schedule of different areas of the tasar producing states is as follows. Hardwickia binata Roxb Male Female. 1.5). Introduction The rearing of silkworm species of the families Success has been achieved in this regard to some extent. 8. There were no quality norms for forest silkworm rearing, thus impacting silkworm rearers’ income. China is the major producer of this tasars but in India it is available in Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir. Types of agricultural activities include subsistence farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. The primary food plants are eight types. 1. The tasar silkworms is a wild species and hence cocoons are also collected by the tribal people from forests and silk is obtained. Nylon net for silkworm rearing and pest control. The important reasons for low production are attributed to traditional method of silkworm rearing on tall trees in natural habitat, which exposes the larvae to a number of predators, parasites and diseases apart from natural vagaries. Here at Muezart, we portray the traditional methods of rearing practiced in Northeast India, especially Assam and Meghalaya. The rearing of Tasar silkworm, A. mylitta D., is conducted a in the indoor conditions with T. arjuna as a food plant in Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi during first rearing season. Tasar silkworm rearing. And it is an ancient tradition of Adivasi communities, who are considered as the indigenous population of India and whose livelihoods mostly depend on the land they cultivate, and the forests they live nearby. Module for disinfection and hygiene in rearing eld 2. 12 October 2019 www.hbmahesh.weebly.com 2. of India), Imphal-795002, Manipur, INDIA 5Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. SILKWORM PATHOLOGY Dr. Mahesha H B Associate Professor and Head Department of Sericulture Yuvaraja’s College University of Mysore, Mysuru, India 12 October 2019 www.hbmahesh.weebly.com 1 . Terminalia tomentosa, W & A (Fig. REARING Tasar silkworm is polyphagous. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. Such leaves when taken by other larvae, they get infected. Successful rearing of tasar silkworm is dependant on availability of leaves, climate and day length, it is necessary to plan rearing as per schedule only so as to maximize seed cocoon productivity, as well as to allow emergence, mating, egg layinge efficiency, diapause etc at proper time. The rearing of Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D., conducted in outdoor conditions by the tribal people on the forest grown Terminalia arjuna trees resulted in 80-90% crop loss due to pests, predators, natural calamities and diseases. They should be handled only after washing the hands thoroughly with antiseptic solutions and drying the hands. The first crop, usually called the seed crop is raised during May to July, whereas the commercial crop is raised during October-November. The tasar silk production has stagnated and declined in the recent past though the demand is increasing. Kumar et al. Silkworm rearings are of four types – Mulberry, Eri, Muga, and Tasar. Cocoonase enzyme isolated from pupa for cooking of cocoons. 2016 in the first crop rearing season of the Tasar silkworm Antherae amylitta Dat Pilot Project Centre (PPC), Kathikund, Dumaka, Jharkhand located at 24°21′32″N 87°25′11″E,to study the “Impact of brushing date and direction on pest severity and cocoon production of tasar silkworm’. Eggs are laid within 25 hours on Kharika and are normally selected for rearing. 7. The cocoons are dipped in 0. The experiment was consisted three different indoor rearing methods for rearing chawki larva. Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a non- mulberry silkworm used for commercial silk production in India. The data were collected personally from sericulturists by using pre-tested and well structured interview schedule. Keet Oushadh for disease control. tasar silkworm rearing depends mainly on choosing suitable locations and allocating to each location, the right season and food plant most likely to get success in the area selected for rearing. Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. Muga Silkworm Reering. The ecorace of tasar silkworm occurring in cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta KE-02. REARING PERFORMANCE OF OAK TASAR SILKWORM DURING SUMMER CROP Ritwika Sur Chaudhuri1*, S. Subharani2, N. Ibotombi Singh3, L. Bidyapati Devi4 & A.K. T. arjuna, W&A (Fig. Int J Wild Silkmoth Silk 5:82–86 Google Scholar. Procurement of Tasar Seed Cocoons for preparation of Tasar layings for supply To Tasar Rearers Tasar Silkworm rearing is a seasonal activity and from the Tasar Seed Cocoons harvested from the fir... Production Incentive to Reeling Cocoons of the Farmers People are being motivated to utilize the vast field of nature grown Oak plants by rearing of Antheraea proylei which cross breed variety between A. roylie and A. perinyi. A finer variety of tasar silk is generated by the silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi. Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. Tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D is a polyphagous insect which are reared outdoors. Tasar sericulture involves all the activities pertaining to rearing of Tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury), harvesting of Tasar cocoons, production of Tasar silk yarn from cocoons and weaving of Tasar yarn into fabric. Tasar Rakshak for diseasae control. Randomized block design with two way factor was followed by three replicates. India is the second largest producer of Tasar silk in the World after China. This indoor rearing method includes cage, jar and tray methods. Received: October 25, 2011; Accepted: May 21, 2012. Due to continuous … L. Speciosa, Pers. Mulberry Silk Rearing 95% of the world’s silk production is mulberry. In E.Godavari and Nellore districts tribal areas of A.P. Although Tasar and Munga silkworms are wild in nature, but attempts have been made and are in progress to domesticate them too. Author: Grozahn Fenrilar: Country: Guatemala: Language: English (Spanish) Genre: Medical: Published (Last): 18 April 2010: Pages: 429: PDF File Size: 7.9 Mb: ePub File Size: 12.28 Mb: ISBN: 756-2-71328-911-6: Downloads: 14634: … Feeding is an important task that requires more attention to be taken while rearing silkworms for the silk production. Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms. Eri silkworm rearing. about 2150 families are practicing Tasar Silkworm rearing. The oak tasar is finer than the common tasar silk. Muga silkworm: Muga silkworm, Antherea assama Westwood (syn. Key words: Antheraea mylitta, quantitative trait, RAPD, SCAR marker, tasar silkworm. Pathology/Pathobiology -The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. The rearing of silkworm species of the families Bombycidae and Saturniidae is an age old practice that is an important part of the rural economy in India. The average cocoon weight, pupal weight and shell weight recorded were 6.24 g, 5.30 and 1.18 g, respectively. PRADAN has developed a private Tasar seed production system so that Adivasi silk rearers could access good quality seed eggs and avoid crop losses. C. TROPICAL TASAR – SILKWORM REARING 1. Zizyphus mauritiana, Lam. 6. Foliar application of Sodium Hypochlorite to check Virosis and Bacteriosis in tasar silkworm… The present study was conducted in 18 selected villages from the Raigarh and Korba districts of Chhattisgarh with 270 randomly selected sericulturists to assess the managerial efficiency of sericulturists regarding improved tasar silkworm rearing practices. Collapsible spinning mountage in indoor rearing. 2. Tasar silkworm rearing. pupal period of tasar silkworm upon indoor rearing on cashew recorded were 6.43, 28.69 and 25.36 days, respec-tively, with the effective rate of rearing of 40 %. A technique of “controlled rearing” has been evolved by the Central Tasar Research Station, Ranchi. 5. Feeding Management. Shorea robusta, Roxb 4. through adopted rearing of tropical tasar silkworms is a steppingstone to by and large empowerment and contains many fold implications; in the first case, it aid a positive addition to attentiveness and an enhanced status in household, community and society in terms of involvement in judgment and have control over resources and earnings. 3. As the total family of the farmer will be involved in Tasar silkworm rearing, they could unable to earn wage to get their livelihood for all 45-50 days. The major producers in the sector include Silkworm rearers, yarn producers and weavers. Among the five varieties of silk that are produced in India: mulberry, eri, muga, Tasar, oakTasar silk, Tasar silk is a wild silk; its production starts with outdoor silkworm rearing. Tasar silkworm-rearing is a traditional practice of the forest-dwelling communities, to supplement their livelihoods. The disease is transmi­tted to silkworm in three different ways: ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Oral: Spores liberated through the faeces of infected worms or through dead larvae, contaminate the mulberry leaves given in rearing bed. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. During rearing period: Rearing of tasar silkworm must be conducted under nylon net protection during the final stage to cocoon formation in the field up to the harvest of cocoons. To pursue this one needs to have a background in science.There are two types of degree, B.Sc. parental oak tasar silkworm species/breeds, viz., RPP, RP, A. pernyi, PRP 5, BY 1, B 6, A. proylei, Blue, PRP 12 and C 27 in different cross combinations based on their combining abilities (unpublished data). Trapping of adult Yellow Fly males and females manually with the help of gummy sticks during the rearing period. Sinha5 1,2,3,4Regional Tasar Research Station, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. Lagerstroemia parviflora, Roxb. Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao are the two districts ideal place for Oak tasar culture in the state. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. Egg incubation and larval brushing technique 3. 2. Note: The equipment requirement may vary according to the scale of rearing. Tasar silkworm, Antheraeamylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is one of the commercially exploited non-mulberry silkworms mainly reared outdoor on many wild plants. 1.5). ... Sinha BRBP, Sinha SS (2000) Studies on rearing performance of wild eco-race model of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (D) on deferent food plants. sericulture is concerned with the rearing of mulberry silkworm for production of pure silk and non-mulberry sericulture is concerned with the production of different varieties of ‘Vanya’ or wild silks by rearing eri (Samia ricini), muga (Antherea assama), tropical tasar (Antheraea myllita) and temperate tasar (Antheraea proylei) silkworms. Muga Silkworm Reering . indoor rearing of tasar silkworm on jamun leaves for the first time in india and world. Integrated technology package for rearing of tasar silkworm D. TROPICAL TASAR - SILKWORM PROTECTION 1. Most of the silkworm rearers belong to indigenous communities (categorized as Scheduled Tribes in the Indian Constitution). Besides more than two dozens of secondary food plants. worms for high cocoon and shell weights in breeding programs designed to enhance the productivity of tasar silk. 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