Wild staghorn sumac flourishes in the sandy or rocky soils along fence rows and in abandoned fields. It can grow under a wide array of conditions, but is most often found in dry and poor soil on which other plants cannot survive. USDA PLANTS Database. Twigs are stout, densely red hairy and 16 to 20 millimeters (5/8 to 3/4 inches) thick (see photo). Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. Bright green summer leaves can grow up to 2 feet long and have a bold texture. Photo by David Taylor. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. 43°32'39.06"N, 80°12'57.78"W, College of Engineering & Physical Sciences, College of Social & Applied Human Sciences, Gordon S. Lang School of Business & Economics. (519) 824-4120 ext. 10 inches) diameter. Leaves of the Staghorn Sumac are 5-12 cm long and range from 11-31 per leaflet. Staghorn sumac or Rhus typhina grows throughout the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada. Photo by David Taylor. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. The lateral buds are round, measure 5-7 mm long and are covered with dense brown hairs. Rhus typhina Other common names: velvet sumac, hairy sumac. Photo by David Taylor. Oct 2, 2016 - Unusual to see as a specimen tree. Ontario Tree Atlas map of non-planted Staghorn Sumac. 504 pp. Staghorn sumac grows in gardens, lawns, the edges of forests, and wasteland. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. It is important to note that the fruits contain tannic acid and should not be boiled for excessive periods of time. Photo by David Taylor. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. Tolerant of a wide range of soils except for soils that are poorly drained. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina): USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 5-8 (More information on hardiness zones). Rhus typhina range map. 52113 Edmonton. Perfect timing! Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources: Ontario Tree Atlas. The stem may reach 25 centimeters (ca. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August These studies were done on animals. Preparation. Each leaf has 11 to 31 coarsely toothed leaflets, green on top, and much paler underneath. Interesting to note is that Staghorn Sumac's have no terminal bud. The upper stems (or branchlets) are covered with dense brown hairs, while the lower stems (trunk or branches) are brown, hairless, and woody. Small tree with flowers. College Ave East The most prominent feature is the clusters of bright red berries that top the trees in the late summer and early fall. I had way more Sumac to use and just as I was thinking – maybe I could make and freeze more lemonade – I came upon a recipe in my new cookbook Toast & Jam (Sarah Owens, 2017) for Sumac jelly. This plant has no children Legal Status. Sumac grows in colonies, with the older trees in the center as the tallest, and then gradually shorter tree/shrubs radiating out. They are covered with glandular reddish hairs and are located in large cone shaped clusters at the tips of the twigs. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. Photo by Sean Fox. staghorn sumac. Staghorn Sumac thickets provide shelter and food for many birds and mammals such as deer, moose, rabbits, grouse and pheasants. The recipe begins much like my flower jellies do, by making an infusion. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. Flowers are borne in clusters (panicles) of hundreds to thousands of flowers at the tips of branches. Soil pH: 5.5-7.0; Plant Size: 5 meters (16 feet) tall; Duration: Perennial Shrub; Leaf Shape: Odd Pinnate compound leaves with 9-31 leaflets; … Staghorn sumac hybrizes with smooth sumac (R. glabra); the hybrid has alternately been named R. Xpulvinata Greene or R. Xborealis (Britton) Greene . While poison sumac is rare, when you find it in its typical wetland habitat, you may find quite a bit. Photo by Chris Earley. It is relatively rare compared to the other members of the family. Leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, 20 to 40 centimeters (ca. [Online] Available: http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/ClimateChange/2ColumnSubPage/267027.html. OMNR, 2008. On one hand, it’s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering. Staghorn Sumac Rhus hirta Cashew family (Anacardiaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 30' tall that branches occasionally. 6 to 16 inches) long by 10 to 18 centimeters (ca. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. They are lance shaped, sharp toothed with fine hairs located on the veins. Overall, staghorn berries lower blood sugar levels as well. The currently accepted scientific name for staghorn sumac is Rhus typhina L. . It is occasionally cultivated for its bright red to maroon fall color and persistent red fruits. Notes: Long slender leaves change from bright green to orange-red in the autumn. Staghorn Sumac Medicinal Uses. Staghorn sumac (also spelled sumach) is the most common of three species that grow in Ontario. These are the clusters that encapsualte the fruits. Staghorn sumac grows as female or male clones. AB. Latin name: Rhus typhina L. French name: Sumac vinaigrier Synonym(s): Velvet sumac Taxonomic Serial Number: 28777 504755 - [Rhus hirta (L.) Sudworth] Mature Height: 15 ft Soil / Climate: Grows well in low nutrient soils, sun and shade. Mailstop Code: 1103 Photo by Chris Earley. Tolerates a wide range of climates. Interesting to note is that Staghorn Sumac's have no terminal bud. This sumac is 1 to 10 meters (ca. 3 to 33 feet) tall, usually tree-like, but in thickets, and occasionally shrubby. Caterpillars of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage. Species of economic importance or medical concern found in the family include cashew ( Anacardium occidentale ), mango ( Mangifera indica ), pistachio ( Pistacia vera ), poison ivy ( Toxicodendron radicans ), and Pacific poison oak ( … staghorn sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus typhina L. symbol: RHTY Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 16 to 24 inches long, with 11 to 31 lanceolate leaflets with serrate margins each 2 to 5 inches long, rachis fuzzy; green above and paler below. There are many varieties of edible sumac around the world. The ones we see most commonly in Pennsylvania and New Jersey are staghorn sumac, smooth sumac and winged sumac. 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