Mangrove swamps have a long list of Nigerian trees that include various species of mangrove trees such as tall red mangrove trees, dwarf red mangrove trees, black mangrove trees and white mangrove trees. The dry season starts in November and lasts through April; this is generally the best time to visit. Savannas in Nigeria contain similar biodiversity to other areas of African savanna. The four main biomes found within Nigeria are tropical rainforests, swampy mangroves and savannas. Plants in Nigeria. Plants of the Niger. Moringa leaves rank among the most nutritionally rich plant material in living existence on the planet. The biome includes high altitude grasslands and shrublands around the world. Justine Harrington is a freelance travel journalist (and lifelong wanderer) based in Austin, Texas. Because of this, and because of poaching as well, many plant and animal species in Nigeria are endangered. Both of these trees are often cut down for their wood, and the ube tree also produces edible fruits (also called African pears) that are common in Nigerian food and culture. Gashaka-Gumti National Park is the largest national park in Nigeria, encompassing one of the remotest tracts of land in the country. Nigeria's climate is suitable for many different ornamental plants. Ant. Now a Ph.D. student in agronomy, Dada is on her way to finding the answer These animals, along with camels, hyenas, elephants, and gorillas… Lam in Southern Nigeria 2: Practices and Applications Among Igbo-Speaking People, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Fodder Species in Nigeria, African Wildlife Foundation: African Forest Elephant, World Wildlife Foundation: Western Africa. Kamuku National Park is a bit of an under-the-radar destination in Nigeria, which makes it the perfect place to see wildlife. Dama Gazelle. And apart from crop farming and production in Nigeria, agriculture in Nigeria also entails, animal rearing and husbandry, production and selling of farm chemicals and fertilizers. Native Plants & Animals in Nigeria (Photo: Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images ). All Animals; ... Join AZ Animals FREE to get amazing animal facts, printable animal activities, and much more sent directly to you. Forest elephants are much smaller than the African elephants found on the savanna, and they're also more endangered. Vegetation In Nigeria. Tropical rainforests are hot and wet year round. The species grows to be around 115 feet (35 meters) tall and its trunk usually has a diameter that is between 2 and 3 feet (0.6 and 0.9 meters) in length. Types: Plants 2385 Grass 68 Seed Planters 26 Flower Pots 10. artificial Plants 979 synthetic Plants 310 decorative Plants 307 green Plants 170 plastic Plants 82 outdoor Plants 80 deluxe Plants 41 evergreen Plants 37 bamboo Plants 36 palm Plants 34. There are so many beautiful landscapes and animals here that travelers will likely feel overwhelmed at first. It is very unique and beautiful flower and famous for its uses. Freshwater ecosystems are a priority for environmental scientists because they affect the health of animals and plants on land too—as well as people. The hot and humid south supports dense rainforests in which hardwood evergreen trees—including mahogany, ebony, obeche, dibetu, and sapelli—may grow more than 200 feet (60 metres) tall. Elliot Walsh holds a B.S in Cell and Developmental Biology and a B.A in English Literature from the University of Rochester. Its location and geography gives Nigeria a wide range of ecosystems and land types. Nigeria threatened plant species was 205 in 2018 - the single year for which the data is available at the moment. In addition to elephants, travelers should also be able to spot lions, warthogs, baboons, African buffalo and oribi at Yankari. Her essays, profiles, and destination guides have appeared in Fodor's, Forbes Travel Guide, Backpacker, Scandinavian Traveler, Frommer's, The Austin-American Statesman, Austin Monthly, Misadventures Magazine, and many others. State, Nigeria. The mangrove swamps of Nigeria are found close to the tropics/equator combined with a close proximity to rivers and the coast. Native Plants & Animals in Nigeria Nigerian Biomes. Ethnobotany Research and Applications: Ethnobotany of Dacryodes edulis (G.Don) H.J. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out … Vegetation refers to the plants that can be found in a particular geographical location. 29/11/2019. And we can say that all this has backed up and pushed up the economy GDP and also enlarge the size of the domestic market for the manufacturing sector. Show all. However, central Nigeria is still home to a mix of trees and grasses that vary in size, and the far eastern extremes of the country are full of mountain vegetation. African Civet. Also, many scoter, majestic flamingos, kingfishers, and lazy pelicans. Montane grasslands and shrublands is a biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. WorldStage Newsonline– Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has raised concern over antibiotics used in animals and plants purchased off the counter in Nigeria without expert prescription. The rainforest gives way to the semi-deciduous forest of the central region, where a … She has bachelor's degrees in French and anthropology, and has held nearly every travel-related job imaginable, from study abroad program director in France to ESL educator in Ecuador. Most countries in Africa have national parks and Nigeria is no exception. A large number of different mammals are found in Nigeria with its diverse habitats. Naturally, their characteristics reflect the climatic conditions in the particular area. The national Flower of Nigeria is Cheilocostus speciosus. Nigeria is home to a variety of animals, including elephants, lion, and leopards. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. Trees in Nigeria African White Mahogany. The plant gets its name from the reaction it makes when touched or provoked. The climate is very tropical, characterized by two distinct seasons: the dry season is during the winter months and the wet season lasts from April to October. You can divide the common plants in Nigeria based on which biome they appear in. They're defined by very heavy rainfall (more than 98 inches per year) with an average temperature of 79 degrees F (26 degrees C). Animals can be similarly split into these main three biomes as well. Most of this spectacular wildlife can be conveniently (and sustainably) enjoyed by visiting the country's national parks. Nigeria: FAO raises concern over purchase of antibiotics for animals, plants. He's worked in multiple academic research labs, at a pharmaceutical company, as a TA for chemistry, and as a tutor in STEM subjects. The savannas are perhaps the most famous biome in Nigeria, with distinct wet and dry seasons. Fires are common during the dry season and temperatures average well above 84.2 degrees F (29 degrees C). Discover Nigerian animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! Located on the southern coast of Western Africa, Nigeria is home to diverse climates and land, in addition to a staggering number of animals, some of which are endangered and on the verge of extinction. African Wild Dog. FAO says this is coupled with the absence of statutory … Accepted 20 October, 2010 The scientific world today, seems to have gone indigenous, searching the grassroots for potential plants and animals that could confer solutions to problems that have puzzled mankind, to search for newer and more potent drugs and perhaps even to develop vaccines against diseases plaguing the Nigeria is a very physically diverse country: The land is comprised of dry savanna grasslands in the north, and tropical rainforests in the south. Animals in Nigeria. The term "montane" in the name of the biome refers to "high altitude", rather than the ecological term which denotes the region below treeline.. The African white mahogany tree and the ube tree are both common rainforest trees found in Nigeria as well. Nigeria, with its stunning nature and boundless biodiversity, is a wonderful country to visit for travelers interested in seeing some of the planet's most interesting wildlife and plants. In general, the country is brimming with wildlife waiting to be discovered, including elephants, lions, antelopes, giraffes, various monkey species, hyenas, crocodiles and hippopotamuses… Mangroves grow along the coasts and at the mouths of rivers. Though trees are now officially protected in the country's national parks and various wildlife reserves, much of Nigeria's lush forestland have disappeared due to deforestation. Montane vegetation in Nigeria (mountain and plateaus vegetation) is not very developed due to the reason of low average temperatures and the significant impact of animals and man. Join AZ Animals FREE to get amazing animal facts, printable animal activities, and much more sent directly to you. Abuja- To stem the concerns around the rising abuse of antibiotics and the after effect on plants, animals and the environment in Nigeria, a strategy to ensure responsible use and application is being developed by the government and partners. These forests are also home to a subspecies of chimpanzee called the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee. Swamps and wet forests are home to the pygmy hippopotamus. The plant of this flower is native to Queensland, Nigeria, India, China and is cultivated in India on a large scale for its medical purpose. Thanks for subscribing! “If our crops did not do well, I asked my dad to tell me why,” Dada recalled. Also known as the painted dog! This critically endangered animal is classified as a critically endangered species due … The IUCN red list of globally threatened species, according to them, contained 148 animal and 146 plant species found in Nigeria. Due to rainforest destruction, many of the species in Nigerian rainforests, including this subspecies of chimps, are critically endangered. Fiddle Leaf Plant … The geographical location of Nigeria gives rise to a variety of climates, topographical ranges and... Plants in Nigeria. The savanna grasslands are populated by herbivorous (plant eating) species, such as elephants and warthogs, as well as carnivorous (meat eating) animals like chivets, jackals, and wild dogs. The capital is Abuja. This includes the species that many people think of when they think of Africa, such as lions, elephants, giraffes, wildebeest, gazelles, aardvarks, termites, rock pythons, shrews and the African wild dog. The Jos plateau is one of the highest points in Nigeria. The carnivorous animals that are commonly found in the forests of Nigeria are lions, side striped jackals, wild dogs, cheetahs, leopards and civets. External temperatures affect all animals, especially those that do not maintain constant internal body temperatures. Tropical rainforests in Nigeria are famous for their epiphyte plants, which are plants that mainly grow on other plants. Tropical rainforests in Nigeria are home to the endangered African forest elephant, the White-Throated Guenon monkey and the famous gorilla. The landscape is flat and dominated by grasses with a few trees scattered across the landscape. Mr Ogbeh listed the states where the plants would be set up to include Enugu, Benue, Kogi and Oyo. Learn about all the amazing animals in Nigeria. Travelers keen on visiting Yankari should consider doing so during the dry season (December to March) since this is when you're most likely to see a wide range of animal species. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Though Gashaka-Gumti is open year-round, just as with Yankari, it's always best to plan your visit for the dry season. https://www.legit.ng/312625-top-5-endangered-animals-in-nigeria.html Thanks for subscribing! With its vibrant culture, sense of humor and adaptability, Nigeria has become the "Giant of Africa" in more ways than just population size. November 20, 2020 - by Prince Okedinachi - Leave a Comment. According to the University of Miami, the perennial Mimosa pudica can grow to heights of 5 feet with a spread of 3 feet. Nigeria is Africa's most populous country and is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups. Nigeria is a country in Africa located on the Gulf of Guinea. Secretes up to 4g of musk every week! You can divide the common plants in Nigeria based on which biome they appear in. There are large numbers of orchids and ferns. Exploring with a guide is a great way to go since they can help you track chimps and other monkey species, in addition to the thousands of other animals in the park. Factors Affecting the Distribution of Animal and Plant Species By Debbie and Valeria Temperature Water Temperatures affect the concentration of animals. It is here at places such as Yankari National Park and Cross River National Park where lions, giraffes, and leopards can be found. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. This includes orchids, mosses, lichens and various species of cacti. Hippopotamusesand crocodiles are common in the larger rivers. These include lions, leopards, mongooses, hyenas, side-striped jackals, African elephants, African buffaloes, African manatees, rhinoceroses, antelopes, waterbuck, giraffes, warthogs, red river hogs, hippopotamuses, pangolins, aardvarks, western tree hyraxes, bushbabies, monkeys, baboons, western gorillas, chimpanzees, bats, shrews, mice, rats, squirrels and gerbils. Nigerian Animals. Adebukola Dada grew up on a Nigerian farm where her father raised various plants and animals. He's currently working full-time as a content writer and editor. Four main types of habitats exist within Nigeria's borders: savanna grasslands, tropical forests, mountain plateaus, and mangrove swamps. Many animals in the savanna are herbivores, which means they eat plants, and there is plenty of grass in the savanna. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. These elusive miniatures of the famous river hippos are found very rarely in Nigeria, but they do appear in this area. Nigeria is "rich" with different insects. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. Plants and Animals of the Kalahari Desert, (Photo: Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images ), National Parks & Monuments Found in the Grassland Biome, The Gashaka Primate Project: Gashaka-Gumti National Park, Kids Britannica: Nigeria | Plants and Animals, Lonely Planet: Gashaka-Gumti National Park, Wildlife Conservation Society: Cross River Gorilla, BirdLife International: Important Bird Areas - Cross River National Park, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. “That’s up to you to figure out,” her father replied. The deserts give way to grasslands, then trees such as … The land, and the plants that grow on it, changes with proximity to the Niger. Nigeria is a country on the West coast of the continent of Africa. Kamuku National Park, Gashaka-Gumti National Park and Yankari National Park are all rich in animals, forests and fascinating plant life. You'll also find bushes and shrubs like the baobab and the river bushwillow. Thanks to this diversity in biomes and ecosystems in Nigeria, there are hundreds of diverse animals and plants that find their habitats in that country. Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds! There are several national parks and wildlife reserves in Nigeria that protect plants and animals and contain incredible diversity. This is part of the National Action Plan (NAP) to ensure effective surveillance and control of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Antimicrobial Use (AMU) in … Hippos are found very rarely in Nigeria based on which biome they in... 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